Below are listed the dates of all of the UK censuses, with a summary of the questions asked. Each census took place on a Sunday-Monday and the information recorded should relate to the midnight between those two days. Clicking on the year will take you to the National Records of Scotland website entry for that year, where more details (including street indexes and lists of enumeration districts) can be found.
to head of household
|Age & |
|Occupation||Employed or Employer or Working on |
one or more windows
|Whether Blind, Deaf or Dumb||Whether|
Imbecile or Lunatic
|Where born||Whether Gaelic or speaker of Gaelic and English|
|1901||31st Mar - 1st April|
*** Only gives whether born in the county, England, Ireland, Scotland or foreign parts.
The 1841 census enumerators were instructed to round down the ages of people over the age of 15 to the nearest multiple of five. So a person aged 64, for example, was enumerated as 60.
One house might contain several families and they are distinguished by a mark between each one.
A public institution such as a hospital or poor house was considered as one household.
Those who were not in a house such as those who slept e.g. outdoors, in a tent, or in a cave are recorded at the end of the enumerator’s book.
Not all information in the Census can be taken as accurate. People may have deliberately lied about their ages, relationships etc. Entries are also subject to human error, both on the part of the enumerator and of the person providing the information.
The householder may have been illiterate therefore spelling of names can vary as the enumerator would have written the names as he thought they should be.